Solutions

Problems Talas Farmers Face

What the Problems will lead to in the future

How to Solve the Problem

-Farmers have limited access to loans / lines of credit.  Commercial banks have extremely high interest rates, and waiting lists can be years long. -Financial shortages will force farmers to sell land and livestock, seed shortages, unfertilized land, loss of harvest yields, and decreased profits.  -TFU  partners with МКА to provide in-house microcredit lending-Community awareness about the new loans is advertised to the community.

-TFU and МКА begin offering training courses to Talas farmers on how to apply for loans and how to write business plans.

Money allocated by the government for public microcredit lending and new technology is usually never received.  It is unsure where the money goes or who receives it, but public programs that should be in place are not. -Farmers grow impatient and loose trust in the government.  Future public programs may be ill received. -Special Commissions made of farmers should be started at the oblast, rayon, and village levels to make sure that government resource are delivered to farmers. -This information should be distributed through mass media.
The cost of production, specifically the price of renting tractors, purchasing fertilizer and pesticides is too high.  Most small-scale farms cannot afford the price of renting tractors and therefore often make agreements to surrender up to half of their harvests in lieu of payment to tractor owners. -Quality of life for common people will decrease as yields and profits decrease; inherently leading to widespread dissatisfaction. -Government should offer farmers subsidies.Lower Prices should be set for fertilizer, pesticides, and other necessary inputs.

-Lower Prices should be set for technical services (i.e. tractor rental).

-Credit should be easily accessible to farmers from MKA.

Animal production is decreasing because of spreading disease and improper breeding practices. Livestock production will continue to decrease at ever rapid rates.  Severe imbalances in market meat supply will take hold. -Provide villagers with veterinary offices.-Open courses for people who work in village veterinary offices.

-Show support for the organization Helvetas who is currently combating this issue.

-Farmers face many bureaucratic challenges in selling their goods.-Complex paperwork process and increasing document charges make the sale of goods more complex than it has to be.  Often the effect of multi-layered corruption. Farmers become increasingly frustrated and stop selling their goods to and out of Talas. -Government paperwork requirements should be reduced and standards of practice in quality control organizations should weed out corruption.-Appeal to the Government to adopt international best practices in agricultural trade.
Top soil is quickly loosing nutrients, farming is becoming more difficult and weeds are taking over the land. If people do not remove the weeds (bad plants) the fields will not be able to be used. -Government and donor organizations should monitor this problem and react appropriately. -TFU offers trainings and seminars to educate farmers about how to properly cultivate farmland.

-TFU manages four agro-technical vocational schools in Talas that offer agro-technical degrees.

Farmers have many concerns about the work that the mines have on the local ecosystem and worry that pollution will lead to crop failure.Livestock owners are upset about the behind-closed-door allocations of public land traditionally used as grazing areas. Misinformation will continue to spread, public disapproval for mines and local government may lead to further violence against mining companies and local government agencies. TFU works with PACT and USAID to conduct informational surveys about public understanding and public concern.-A report is published that documents concerns and recommendations for all parties involved.
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